Impacted wisdom teeth: Impacted wisdom teeth removal

In this article, we are going to explain the impacted wisdom teeth and their complications. First, we talk about the introduction of wisdom teeth. In the following, we will enumerate the reasons for impacted wisdom teeth. Finally, we mention the complications caused by it and the diseases caused by impacted wisdom teeth.

Definition of wisdom teeth

What we call wisdom teeth are actually molars. There are usually four wisdom teeth in each person’s mouth. Some people naturally have less wisdom teeth. One at the top and one at the bottom on each side of the mouth. These teeth grow inside the bone like any other tooth. But they are the last teeth to grow.

Wisdom teeth begin to form when you are about 9 years old. These teeth form in a small cavity and grow inside the maxilla and mandible. First, the crowns of the wisdom teeth grow. Later, around the age of 14, these teeth are completed. Between the ages of 18 and 19, when the Tooth roots are almost formed, your wisdom teeth protrude through the bones and move into the mouth.

Sometimes wisdom teeth are not able to come out. Let's examine the reason why wisdom teeth do not grow. We must first know how wisdom teeth grow.

Wisdom teeth growth

During the growth of wisdom tooth roots, the tooth in the bone moves slowly upwards, and only the crown part of the tooth enters the mouth. The root part is hardly fixed inside the bone. Up to nineteen years old, your jaw grows almost enough. Some jaws are large enough to allow wisdom teeth to grow.

As soon as the crowns of the wisdom teeth come out completely, this tooth can help you in the process of chewing. Therefore, it is not necessary to extract all the wisdom teeth.

Impacted wisdom teeth

We briefly mentioned that if there is enough space for wisdom teeth to enter: This tooth will grow naturally and can be placed in the oral cavity. But what if the wisdom tooth does not have enough space to come out?

The answer is that the tooth is trapped inside the bone, which is called the impacted tooth. The roots of impacted wisdom teeth are usually intertwined and curved. In this case, tooth extraction will be longer and more difficult. Note that the curvature of the roots is a principle or a rule, not an exception.

Sometimes some wisdom teeth are semi-impacted (partially impacted wisdom tooth). In fact, we consider a tooth whose entire crown is without gums and bones as a non-impacted tooth. Otherwise, we divide it into impacted and semi-impacted teeth.

How can a dentist identify a hidden wisdom tooth?

During an oral examination and radiograph, the dentist identifies the impacted wisdom tooth. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause a number of problems.

Cases that dentists recommend to remove impacted wisdom teeth:

  • Gum infection (or Pericoronitis)
  • Bone infection
  • An infection that enters the cheeks or neck through the bone
  • Damage to other teeth
  • Cyst
  • Pain
  • Pre-prosthetic treatment
  • Tooth movement